Explore Croatia, with all it’s antiquity and nature. Croatia as a destination for your holidays is the perfect choice for Croatia is one of the highlight countries of the Mediterranean, having more than 5700 kilometres of coastline, including it’s over 1000 islands on the Adriatic Sea. Some of the most beautiful beaches are in the shores of Croatia, and it is not a surprise the reason why the Slavic tribes of Croats settled here in 7th century. Until then these lands were inhabited by Illyrian tribes such as the Liburnians. As in many other places of the Mediterranean, the Greeks had colonies in this region as well and this part of the world was part of the Roman Empire too. The Croats came to power fast and by the 10th century had their kingdom. Being in a place in between Central Europe and Eastern Europe, Croatia has always been in the border of great empires and has always been a big player in the politics of the region and neighbour countries. During the Middle Ages it has been part of Habsburg Empire and during the last century Croatia was part of Yugoslav Federation for about 70 years when was declared independent in 1991, followed by a war. In the second half of the ‘90s and in the new millennium, Croatia quickly developed to be one of the most developed countries in the Balkans and one of the most preferred touristic destinations in the world.
Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is not just a random city, but early in history has been on of the closest Balkan capitals to Europe, not only in looks but also in attitude of people and architecture of buildings. Founded since 1st century AD as Andautonia, Zagreb came to notice in the 11th century with the founding of a diocese from Hungarian King Ladislaus that was returning from a victory. The history was mostly calm for Zagreb with a slow but steady development that grew in years. Because of it’s physical afinity with Europe, it always has had an European touch as a city, and this was noticed more in the 19the century, in the National Revival movement. Today, Zagred has to offer many touristic attractions such as Burza Square, Mirogoj Cementery, Sava River, Mimara Museum, Zagreb Cathedral, etc.
Dubrovnik, one of the most amazingly beautiful cities in Europe, has been evaluated as the “paradise on earth” by George Bernard Shaw. There are many theories related to founding the city of Dubrovnik, also known as Ragusa, but the most reliable one is the one of being founded by the refugees of Epidaurum after the city was destroyed in 7th century. Firstly came to be known as the Republic of Ragusa, a small but powerful merchant state. Soon fell into the sovereignty of Byzantium Empire and later on to Venice. The city developed and grew large and larger in the peninsula where is located. Fortunately, the fortress and the city inside it were kept unharmed from time and battles until 1991 in the Serbian-Croatian war, where Dubrovnik was badly damaged but reconstructed quickly. Now it is part of UNESCO World Heritage List and one of the most visited destinations in the world for its cultural, historic and natural attractions. Visiting Dubrovnik you prove by yourself the reason why it is called the pearl of the Adriatic.
As the largest coastal city, and especially in the coastline of Dalmatia, Split is charged with a lot of responsibility to deliver top attractions to every tourist. With a long and busy history on it’s back, the Split of today is a modern Split with bars and restaurants that co-exist with it’s history in the cobled streets, the stone pavements, the old walls, and especially, with what the great Emeror Diocletian left for the history to see; one of the greatet royal palaces to date. Tired of history? Take a swim in one of the many beaches of the island. Or simply take a walk in the rocky shores of Adriatic.
Being the oldest national park in Europe and the largest in Croatia, the Plitvice National Park is one of the most special of it’s kind. It was founded in 1949 in the mids of the famous karst mountains in the central Croatia close to the border with Bosnia and each year hosts over 1 million tourists to see this jewel of Balkan nature. The most special feature of it is that the lakes are arranged in cascades following each other. There are 16 lakes that are visible but a few other of them are supposed to be underground along with underground smal karst rivers. The Plitvice National Park is one of those European wonders that you should not miss in your jurney.
Surface area: 56,594 km2
Time zone: GMT + 1, GMT + 2 (during summer)
Population: Over 4.200.000
Coast line: 5,835 km
Climate: The Adriatic Coast has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and mild winters. It is one of the sunniest and warmest coasts in ELITE and an average summer temperature of 29°C. The inland part has a typical continental climate
Religions: Predominantly Catholic and Orthodox
Official language and alphabet: Croat language and Cyrillic alphabet
Political system: Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
Monetary unit: Croatian Kuna (HRK)
International telephone code: ++385
Pets: Allowed, is better to have a vaccination record and veterinary certificate.
Customs formalities: Expensive professional and technical equipment should be declared at the border crossing.
Traveling documents: To enter Croatia you need a valid passport depending on international agreement between the countries.
Visa: If required, please check with the nearest Croatian Consulate or Embassy
Currency: Foreign currency can be changed at Banks, Exchange Offices, Post Offices, Tourist agencies, hotels etc. All major cards (American Express, Visa, Euro/MasterCard, Diners) are accepted for a wide range of services.
Medical services: Medical care for foreigners can be provided at hospitals and clinics in all major cities in Croatia.
Drivers: Valid documents for themselves and for the vehicle, as well as the green insurance card.
Rent-a-Car & Taxi: Cars and Taxi can be rented at the airport, in towns and in all major tourist centers.
Cellular phone range: Communication by cellular phone is possible throughout Croatia
Postal services: Postage stamps are sold at post offices, hotel receptions and newspaper stands. FedEx, EMS and DHL air-express carrier services are also available. For international calls, besides using hotel and post office services, phone cards (for sale in all post offices) are used in all public phone booths.
Top Ten facts about Croatia
Croatia invented the necktie and it was part of the official uniform of soldiers and high rank officials.
It’s home to the “world’s most beautiful sunset”… according to Alfred Hitchcock. But the man certainly had a sense of the cinematically magnificent, and Zadar is the city he claimed had the best.
You’re probably far more familiar with Croatia than you may have realized, and we have Game of Thrones to thank for it. Though the show has taken viewers all over the world, seasons 2 and 3 showcased Croatia’s most famous city, the walled seaside fortress of Dubrovnik, which was chosen as King’s Landing.
It has the highest number of UNESCO Intangible Goods of any European country (in a tie with Spain)
It’s home to the world’s smallest town: Over in Croatia’s northwest, you’ll find the quiet town of Hum, a sleepy hamlet of cobblestone streets, and…that’s about it. And although you wouldn’t expect such bucolic modesty to be in possession of a world record, Hum is officially the world’s smallest town, with a population that has varied between 17 and 23.
The homeland of dalmatian dogs is Croatia.
Their money is named after a rodent.
Their coins are named after a lime tree.
Croatian inventor Slavoljub Penkala invented the ball-point pen in 1906 and the first solid-ink fountain pen in 1907.
Croatia has over 1.000 islands.
Top Ten famous Croatian people