Explore Montenegro, with all it’s antiquity and nature. Montenegro as a destination for your holidays is the perfect choice for a round trip in Balkans.
Montenegro is a small country in the western Balkans, now growing up as a leading country in the beach tourism. The history of Montenegro as a state is not so old but the lands where Montenegro is today once were parts of the Illyrian kingdoms and inhabited by Illyrian tribes of Labeatis and Ardians, most notably by King Agron and Queen Teuta. They were part of Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire until the Slavic tribes settled in this area. They created small kingdoms in the area. Montenegro was not noted for much during the past until in the beginnings of 20th century when became part of Yugoslavia and for the rest of the century had very close relationships with Serbia. It was declared independent in 2006 and in the recent years it has given much importance to the development of tourism, becoming one of the most preferred destinations for the summer.
The largest city of Montenegro, and the capital of the country as well, Podgorica, is located almost in the center of Montenegro between two of the countries touristic attractions, Skadar Lake and the steepy Dinaric Alps. Being inhabited since millenia, the area of Montenegro has seen armies of Illyrians, Romans, Slavs, Ottomans, Byzantine and more, especially in the last century when the great European powers striked Balkans. There you will find traces of history in every corner of the city, but also beauties of nature like Biogradska National Park, the best place in the area for a stroll. Also places like the Tara mountain and gorge or like the Kolasin skiing resort are not far from Podgorica. While in Podgorica you should not miss the Ostrog Monastery, one of the oldest and most special religious sites in the country.
The foundation of Budva is between legend and truth, between the legendary Greek ruler, Cadmus, and the real foundation estimated about 3400 years ago. Nevertheless, in the old town you can see for yourself not only the effects of the Greek culture but also the traces from Roman Empire. Because the border of Rome and Byzantium passed to Budva, this became an important stronghold and this importance continued in the Middle Ages and afterwards in the Venetian Kingdom. All the rulers were interested in Budva because its position in the Adriatic and that can be seen in the strong thick walls of the citadel. In the past century was part of Montenegro as a country in Yugoslavia and since the late ‘90s it has become one of the top destinations of Montenegro and Europe.
Kotor, one of the most impressing cities in Montenegro. Firstly mentioned in the 2nd century BC, Kotor has been a Illyrian settlement since antiquity, proved by the ancient castle with the walls up in the mountain overlooking the whole bay and the both old and new town of Kotor. It will look very similar to Dubrovnik but it has its own specialties. The visit in Kotor starts in the entrance of the walls, Venetian in style and fortificated time after time for better protection. As soon as you enter you will feel the special feeling that Kotor gives to you, like sending you back to time.
If you are one of those people that can make the most out of even the most modest things, then the Skadar Lake is the place for you to show out your adventourous creativity. Shared between Montenegro and Albania, the Skadar Lake is a natural reserve hosting quite a few endemic species in the 400 square kilometers of area, the largest lake in Balkans. The landscape around this panoramic freshwater is the best company for your time fishin in the lake and enjoying the shores. Because of the geological build of the lake, the depth of it is much, but parts of it are suitable even for swimming. An pretty good view you can also find in the part of the lake where Bojana river starts it’s stream. Also, with a small boat you can also go on a trip around the lake visiting a castle in a small island in the lake.
Surface area: 13,812 km2
Time zone: GMT + 1, GMT + 2 (during summer)
Population: Over 700.000
Coast line: Its total length is 293 km.
Climate: Mostly Mediterranean climate and some mountainous inland.
Religions: Predominantly Eastern Orthodox, Islam and Catholic.
Official language and alphabet: Montenegrin language and Cyrilic alphabet
Political system: Parliamentary Republic
Monetary unit: Euro
International telephone code: +382
Pets: Allowed, is better to have a vaccination record and veterinary certificate.
Customs formalities: Expensive professional and technical equipment should be declared at the border crossing.
Traveling documents: To enter Montenegro you need a valid passport depending on international agreement between the countries.
Visa: If required, please check with the nearest Montenegrin Consulate or Embassy
Currency: Foreign currency can be changed at Banks, Exchange Offices, Post Offices, Tourist agencies, hotels etc. All major cards (American Express, Visa, Euro/MasterCard, Diners) are accepted for a wide range of services.
Medical services: Medical care for foreigners can be provided at hospitals and clinics in all major cities in Montenegro.
Drivers: Valid documents for themselves and for the vehicle, as well as the green insurance card.
Rent-a-Car & Taxi: Cars and Taxi can be rented at the airport, in towns and in all major tourist centers.
Postal services: Postage stamps are sold at post offices, hotel receptions and newspaper stands. FedEx, EMS and DHL air-express carrier services are also available. For international calls, besides using hotel and post office services, phone cards (for sale in all post offices) are used in all public phone booths.
Top Ten facts about Montenegro
Montenegro boasts 117 beaches along the Adriatic coast, mountain ski resorts, the medieval city of Kotor and other cultural sites.
The lowest point lies a 0 m with the Adriatic Sea while the highest peak in Montenegro is Bobotov Kuk (2,522 m).
Montenegro was recognized as an independent country at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
The flag is based on the flag that was in use during the reign of King Nicola I. He was king between 1910 and 1918.
Montenegro features in the movie “Casino Royale”, released in 2006. James Bond plays a high stake poker tournament at the Casino Royale, which is located in Montenegro.
Montenegro means “black mountain” in the Italian-Venetian language. In Montenegrin it is called Crna Gora, which also means “black mountain”. Montenegro has many mountains, even though it is a small country.
Although the Danube does not touch Montenegro, two of the country’s rivers, the Tara and Piva, flow through it before joining to form the river Drina. That, in turn, flows into the river Sava, which is a major tributary of the Danube, joining it at Belgrade,
The anthem is based on a traditional Montenegrin folk song, with the origins of the tune lost in the mists of time.
The flag is mainly red, with a gold border and the coat of arms in the centre. Montenegro achieved independent statehood on 13 July 2004, having previously been part of Yugoslavia. The coat of arms is a two-headed golden eagle, with one side holding an orb and the other a sceptre. There is a shield in the centre, with a gold lion passant, which means it is shown as walking with one front paw raised.
The Bay of Kotor is the longest fjord in Southern Europe, consisting of 28 km long and having more than 100 km of coastline.
Top Ten famous Montenegrin people
Saint Jovan Vladimir
Saint Peter of Cetinje
Pope Sixtus V