Explore Romania, with all it’s antiquity and nature. Romania a destination for your holidays is the perfect choice for a round trip in Balkans.
Romania, the largest country in Southeastern Europe, is estimated to have the fourth fastest growing travel and tourism total demand in the world, and that’s for a reason. Romania will amaze you with its scenic mountain landscapes and unspoiled countryside areas. You will find yourself enchanted by Romania’s 13 national parks and 9 nature parks. You will be delighted to explore the Danube Delta, the third-richest biosphere reservation in the world. If you are a beach lover, relax in the sun kissed-beaches of the Black Sea, while mountain lovers will enjoy skiing, hiking and camping at the ski resorts in the Carpathian Mountains. A country rich in history and culture, Romania will mesmerize you with its medieval towns, such as Sighisoara, Brasov and Sibiu, located in Transylvania. Marvel at their unique architectural treasures. The fortified churches of Transylvania, the painted monasteries of Bucovina, the wooden masterpieces of Maramure, and ancient Dacian ruins are just some of the attractions that make up Romania’s exceptional cultural heritage. 25 of its preserved architectural pearls have been included by UNESCO in the World Cultural Heritage for their monumental and scenic appeal. Don’t miss the annual George Enescu Festival, the Easter Celebration and Romania’s exquisite cuisine. The rest is just to be experienced.
Known for its tree-lined boulevards, glorious Belle Époque buildings and a reputation for the high life, Romania’s largest city and capital, is today a bustling metropolis. The first must see in Bucharest is probably the Historic Centre, or Old Town. Then you can head for the amazing sights, museums, churches and buildings. The Peasant and Village Museums should take priority, as well as the Grigore Antipa National History Museum. While still the most famous building in the city, Palatul Parlamentului must be visited. Art and religion lovers should pencil in at least an afternoon at the National Art Museum. Last but not least, have a wonderful trip through Romanian literary, artistic, political and architectural history at the magnificent Bellu Cemetery.
Founded by Transylvanian Saxons during the 12th century, Sighisoara still stands as one of the most beautiful and best-preserved medieval towns in Europe. Designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, this perfectly intact 16th century gem with nine towers, cobbled streets, burgher houses and ornate churches rivals the historic streets of Old Prague or Vienna for atmospheric magic. It is also the birthplace of Vlad Dracula. His house is just one of the many attractions here. Others include the Church on the Hill with its 500-year-old frescoes, the 13th century Venetian House and the Church of the Dominican Monastery. Don’t miss the Festival of Medieval Arts and Crafts in July!
Few cities in Europe have the charm of Brasov. A placid, gentle, civilized city nestled in the Carpathian mountains. A fabulous base for exploring the surrounding countryside. Start off by taking a walk around the old city walls, such as the fortifications at Strada Dupa Ziduri. On the way around you will see most of the city’s major sights, before ending up at the Bastionul Postavarilor. From there you can head up Strada Republicii into the heart of the Old Town and tick off the remaining essential sights, such as Strada Sforii, Piata Sfatului and the Black Church. Brasov is blessed with a good number of decent museums. Explore the Art Museum, Ethnographic Museum and First Romanian School Museum.
Constanţa, a coastal Black Sea town, is the second most important city in the country and, during summer, a beautiful touristic city. You can scroll the city’s streets, the historical peninsular area which has a special charm, the sea coast, the Tomis marina or one of the many parks, on the lake-side or through the ruins of the ancient Greek colony Tomis. You can do sunbathing or you can swim in the magnificent Black Sea. Constanta has been continuously inhabited for 2600 years so there is a lot to see: The old Casino, The statue of Ovid, The National Museum of History and Archeology, The Navy’s Museum, and many more. Basically, a place for everyone!
Surface area: 238,391 km2
Time zone: GMT + 2, GMT + 3 (during summer)
Population: Over 19.900.000
Coast line: Its total length is 245 km in the Black Sea
Climate: Mostly temperate-continental climate
Religions: Mostly Eastern Orthodox and Catholic.
Official language and alphabet: Romanian language
Political system: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Monetary unit: Romanian Leu (RON)
International telephone code: ++40
Pets: Allowed, is better to have a vaccination record and veterinary certificate.
Customs formalities: Expensive professional and technical equipment should be declared at the border crossing.
Traveling documents: To enter Romania you need a valid passport depending on international agreement between the countries.
Visa: If required, please check with the nearest Romanian Consulate or Embassy
Currency: Foreign currency can be changed at Banks, Exchange Offices, Post Offices, Tourist agencies, hotels etc. All major cards (American Express, Visa, Euro/MasterCard, Diners) are accepted for a wide range of services.
Medical services: Medical care for foreigners can be provided at hospitals and clinics in all major cities in Romania.
Drivers: Valid documents for themselves and for the vehicle, as well as the green insurance card.
Rent-a-Car & Taxi: Cars and Taxi can be rented at the airport, in towns and in all major tourist centers.
Postal services: Postage stamps are sold at post offices, hotel receptions and newspaper stands. FedEx, EMS and DHL air-express carrier services are also available. For international calls, besides using hotel and post office services, phone cards (for sale in all post offices) are used in all public phone booths.
Top Ten facts about Romania
The most famous novels, inspired by Romania, are “The Castle in the Carpathians” by Jules Verne, and “Dracula” by Bram Stoker.
Romania is the ninth largest wine producer in the world
Romania’s 10-bani note issued in 1917 is the smallest paper money ever printed (dimensions: 1.08 x 1.49 in).
The modern jet engine was invented by the Bucharest-born inventor Henri Coanda in 1910.
Bucharest’s mass transit network is the fourth largest in Europe.
Soprano Alma Gluck – the first lyrical artist to sell one million records – was born in Bucharest, Romania on May 11, 1884.
The city of Brasov is home to the largest Gothic in Southeastern Europe.
Peles Castle was the first European castle entirely lit by electrical current. The electricity was produced by the castle’s own plant.The castle’s central heating system, built in 1888, is still functional and in use today.
Europe’s second largest underground glacier, the Scarisoara glacier, is found underneath the Bihor Mountains in Romania. It has a volume of 75,000 cubic meters and has existed for more than 3,500 years.
The archetypal vampire Count Dracula, created by Bram Stoker, was inspired by the Romanian prince Vlad Tepes, also known as Vlad the Impaler because he was fond of impaling his enemies and standing them along the roads.
Top Ten famous Romanian people
King Carol I